Phoenix Todos - Static Assets

This post is written as a set of Literate Commits. The goal of this style is to show you how this program came together from beginning to end.

Each commit in the project is represented by a section of the article. Click each section's header to see the commit on Github, or check out the repository and follow along.

Written by Pete Corey on Aug 31, 2016.

Mix Phoenix.New

For this project we’ll be recreating Meteor’s Todos application using a React front-end and an Elixir/Phoenix powered backend. With limited experience with both React and Elixir/Phoenix, this should definitely be an interesting leaning experience.

This will be the largest literate commits project we’ve done to date, and will span several articles published over the upcoming weeks. Be sure to stay tuned for future posts!

This first commit creates a new Phoenix project called phoenix_todos.

Adding mix_test_watch

Moving forward, we’ll be writing tests for the Elixir code we create. Being the good developers that we are, we should test this code.

To make testing a more integrated process, we’ll add the mix_text_watch dependency, which lets us run the mix test.watch command to continuously watch our project for changes and re-run our test suite.

mix.exs

... {:gettext, "~> 0.9"}, - {:cowboy, "~> 1.0"}] + {:cowboy, "~> 1.0"}, + {:mix_test_watch, "~> 0.2", only: :dev}] end

mix.lock

"mime": {:hex, :mime, "1.0.1"}, + "mix_test_watch": {:hex, :mix_test_watch, "0.2.6"}, "phoenix": {:hex, :phoenix, "1.1.6"},

Hello React

Laying the groundwork for using React in a Phoenix project is fairly straight-forward.

We kick things off by installing our necessary NPM dependencies (react, react-dom, and babel-preset-react), and then updating our brunch-config.js to use the required Babel preset, and whitelisting our React NPM modules.

Once that’s finished, we can test the waters by replacing our app.html.eex layout template with a simple React attachment point:


<div id="hello-world"></div>

Finally, we can update our app.js to create and render a HelloWorld component within this new element:


class HelloWorld extends React.Component {
  render() {
    return (<h1>Hello World!</h1>)
  }
}
 
ReactDOM.render(
  <HelloWorld/>,
  document.getElementById("hello-world")
)

For a more detailed rundown of this setup process, be sure to read this fantastic article by Brandon Richey that walks you throw the process step by step.

brunch-config.js

... babel: { + presets: ["es2015", "react"], // Do not use ES6 compiler in vendor code ... npm: { - enabled: true + enabled: true, + whitelist: ["phoenix", "phoenix_html", "react", "react-dom"] }

package.json

{ - "repository": { - }, + "repository": {}, "dependencies": { "babel-brunch": "^6.0.0", + "babel-preset-react": "^6.11.1", "brunch": "^2.0.0", "javascript-brunch": ">= 1.0 < 1.8", + "react": "^15.3.1", + "react-dom": "^15.3.1", "uglify-js-brunch": ">= 1.0 < 1.8"

web/static/js/app.js

-// Brunch automatically concatenates all files in your -// watched paths. Those paths can be configured at -// config.paths.watched in "brunch-config.js". -// -// However, those files will only be executed if -// explicitly imported. The only exception are files -// in vendor, which are never wrapped in imports and -// therefore are always executed. +import React from "react" +import ReactDOM from "react-dom" -// Import dependencies -// -// If you no longer want to use a dependency, remember -// to also remove its path from "config.paths.watched". -import "deps/phoenix_html/web/static/js/phoenix_html" +class HelloWorld extends React.Component { + render() { + return (

Hello World!

) + } +} -// Import local files -// -// Local files can be imported directly using relative -// paths "./socket" or full ones "web/static/js/socket". - -// import socket from "./socket" +ReactDOM.render( + , + document.getElementById("hello-world") +)

web/templates/layout/app.html.eex

<body> - <div class="container"> - <header class="header"> - <nav role="navigation"> - <ul class="nav nav-pills pull-right"> - <li><a href="http://www.phoenixframework.org/docs">Get Started</a></li> - </ul> - </nav> - <span class="logo"></span> - </header> - - <p class="alert alert-info" role="alert"><%= get_flash(@conn, :info) %></p> - <p class="alert alert-danger" role="alert"><%= get_flash(@conn, :error) %></p> - - <main role="main"> - <%= render @view_module, @view_template, assigns %> - </main> - - </div> <!-- /container --> + <div id="hello-world"></div> <script src="<%= static_path(@conn, "/js/app.js") %>"></script>

Static Assets

Now we can start working in broad strokes. Since this project is a direct clone of the Meteor Todos application, we’re not planning on modifying the application’s stylesheets.

This means that we can wholesale copy the contents of ~/todos/.meteor/.../merged-stylesheets.css into our web/static/css/app.css file.

We can also copy all of the Meteor application’s static assets into our web/static/assets folder, and update our Phoenix Endpoint to make them accessible.

Reloading our application should show us a nice gradient background, and we shouldn’t see any Phoenix.Router.NoRouteError errors when trying to access our static assets.

lib/phoenix_todos/endpoint.ex

... at: "/", from: :phoenix_todos, gzip: false, - only: ~w(css fonts images js favicon.ico robots.txt) + only: ~w(css font js icon favicon.ico favicon.png apple-touch-icon-precomposed.png logo-todos.svg)

Layouts and Containers

Now that we have our basic React functionality set up and our static assets being served, it’s time to start migrating the React components from the Meteor Todos application into our new Phoenix application.

We’ll start this process by changing our app.html.eex file to use the expected "app" ID on its container element.


<div id="app"></div>

Next, we can update our app.js file, removing our HelloWorld component, and replacing it with the setup found in the Todos application. We need to be sure to remove the Meteor.startup callback wrapper, as we won’t be using Meteor:


import { render } from "react-dom";
import { renderRoutes } from "./routes.jsx";

render(renderRoutes(), document.getElementById("app"));

Now we port over the routes.jsx file. We’ll put this directly into our web/static/js folder, next to our app.js file.

We’ll keep things simple at first by only defining routes for the AppContainer and the NotFoundPage.


import AppContainer from './containers/AppContainer.jsx';
import NotFoundPage from './pages/NotFoundPage.jsx';

export const renderRoutes = () => (
  <Router history={browserHistory}>
    <Route path="/" component={AppContainer}>
      <Route path="*" component={NotFoundPage}/>
    </Route>
  </Router>
);

The AppContainer in the Meteor application defines a reactive container around an App component. This is very Meteor-specific, so we’ll gut this for now and replace it with a simple container that sets up our initial application state and passes it down to the App component.

Next comes the process of migrating the App component and all of its children components (UserMenu, ListList, ConnectionNotification, etc…).

This migration is fairly painless. We just need to be sure to remove references to Meteor-specific functionality. We’ll replace all of the functionality we remove in future commits.

After all of these changes, we’re greeted with a beautifully styled loading screen when we refresh our application.

package.json

"react": "^15.3.1", + "react-addons-css-transition-group": "^15.3.1", "react-dom": "^15.3.1", + "react-router": "^2.7.0", "uglify-js-brunch": ">= 1.0 < 1.8"

web/static/js/app.js

-import React from "react" -import ReactDOM from "react-dom" +import { render } from "react-dom"; +import { renderRoutes } from "./routes.jsx"; -class HelloWorld extends React.Component { - render() { - return (<h1>Hello World!</h1>) - } -} - -ReactDOM.render( - <HelloWorld/>, - document.getElementById("hello-world") -) +render(renderRoutes(), document.getElementById("app"));

web/static/js/components/ConnectionNotification.jsx

+import React from 'react'; + +const ConnectionNotification = () => ( + <div className="notifications"> + <div className="notification"> + <span className="icon-sync"></span> + <div className="meta"> + <div className="title-notification">Trying to connect</div> + <div className="description">There seems to be a connection issue</div> + </div> + </div> + </div> +); + +export default ConnectionNotification;

web/static/js/components/ListList.jsx

+import React from 'react'; +import { Link } from 'react-router'; + +export default class ListList extends React.Component { + constructor(props) { + super(props); + + this.createNewList = this.createNewList.bind(this); + } + + createNewList() { + const { router } = this.context; + // TODO: Create new list + } + + render() { + const { lists } = this.props; + return ( + <div className="list-todos"> + <a className="link-list-new" onClick={this.createNewList}> + <span className="icon-plus"></span> + New List + </a> + {lists.map(list => ( + <Link + to={`/lists/${ list._id }`} + key={list._id} + title={list.name} + className="list-todo" + activeClassName="active" + > + {list.userId + ? <span className="icon-lock"></span> + : null} + {list.incompleteCount + ? <span className="count-list">{list.incompleteCount}</span> + : null} + {list.name} + </Link> + ))} + </div> + ); + } +} + +ListList.propTypes = { + lists: React.PropTypes.array, +}; + +ListList.contextTypes = { + router: React.PropTypes.object, +};

web/static/js/components/Loading.jsx

+import React from 'react'; + +const Loading = () => ( + <img src="/logo-todos.svg" className="loading-app" /> +); + +export default Loading;

web/static/js/components/Message.jsx

+import React from 'react'; + +const Message = ({ title, subtitle }) => ( + <div className="wrapper-message"> + {title ? <div className="title-message">{title}</div> : null} + {subtitle ? <div className="subtitle-message">{subtitle}</div> : null} + </div> +); + +Message.propTypes = { + title: React.PropTypes.string, + subtitle: React.PropTypes.string, +}; + +export default Message;

web/static/js/components/MobileMenu.jsx

+import React from 'react'; + +function toggleMenu() { + // TODO: Toggle menu +} + +const MobileMenu = () => ( + <div className="nav-group"> + <a href="#" className="nav-item" onClick={toggleMenu}> + <span className="icon-list-unordered" title="Show menu"></span> + </a> + </div> +); + +export default MobileMenu;

web/static/js/components/UserMenu.jsx

+import React from 'react'; +import { Link } from 'react-router'; + +export default class UserMenu extends React.Component { + constructor(props) { + super(props); + this.state = { + open: false, + }; + this.toggle = this.toggle.bind(this); + } + + toggle(e) { + e.stopPropagation(); + this.setState({ + open: !this.state.open, + }); + } + + renderLoggedIn() { + const { open } = this.state; + const { user, logout } = this.props; + const email = user.emails[0].address; + const emailLocalPart = email.substring(0, email.indexOf('@')); + + return ( + <div className="user-menu vertical"> + <a href="#" className="btn-secondary" onClick={this.toggle}> + {open + ? <span className="icon-arrow-up"></span> + : <span className="icon-arrow-down"></span>} + {emailLocalPart} + </a> + {open + ? <a className="btn-secondary" onClick={logout}>Logout</a> + : null} + </div> + ); + } + + renderLoggedOut() { + return ( + <div className="user-menu"> + <Link to="/signin" className="btn-secondary">Sign In</Link> + <Link to="/join" className="btn-secondary">Join</Link> + </div> + ); + } + + render() { + return this.props.user + ? this.renderLoggedIn() + : this.renderLoggedOut(); + } +} + +UserMenu.propTypes = { + user: React.PropTypes.object, + logout: React.PropTypes.func, +};

web/static/js/containers/AppContainer.jsx

+import App from '../layouts/App.jsx'; +import React from 'react'; + +export default class AppContainer extends React.Component { + constructor(props) { + super(props); + this.state = { + user: undefined, + loading: true, + connected: true, + menuOpen: false, + lists: [] + }; + } + + render() { + return (<App {...this.state}/>); + } +};

web/static/js/layouts/App.jsx

+import React from 'react'; +import ReactCSSTransitionGroup from 'react-addons-css-transition-group'; +import UserMenu from '../components/UserMenu.jsx'; +import ListList from '../components/ListList.jsx'; +import ConnectionNotification from '../components/ConnectionNotification.jsx'; +import Loading from '../components/Loading.jsx'; + +const CONNECTION_ISSUE_TIMEOUT = 5000; + +export default class App extends React.Component { + constructor(props) { + super(props); + this.state = { + menuOpen: false, + showConnectionIssue: false, + }; + this.toggleMenu = this.toggleMenu.bind(this); + this.logout = this.logout.bind(this); + } + + componentDidMount() { + setTimeout(() => { + /* eslint-disable react/no-did-mount-set-state */ + this.setState({ showConnectionIssue: true }); + }, CONNECTION_ISSUE_TIMEOUT); + } + + componentWillReceiveProps({ loading, children }) { + // redirect / to a list once lists are ready + if (!loading && !children) { + const list = Lists.findOne(); + this.context.router.replace(`/lists/${ list._id }`{:.language-javascript}); + } + } + + toggleMenu(menuOpen = !Session.get('menuOpen')) { + Session.set({ menuOpen }); + } + + logout() { + Meteor.logout(); + + // if we are on a private list, we'll need to go to a public one + if (this.props.params.id) { + const list = Lists.findOne(this.props.params.id); + if (list.userId) { + const publicList = Lists.findOne({ userId: { $exists: false } }); + this.context.router.push(`/lists/${ publicList._id }`{:.language-javascript}); + } + } + } + + render() { + const { showConnectionIssue } = this.state; + const { + user, + connected, + loading, + lists, + menuOpen, + children, + location, + } = this.props; + + const closeMenu = this.toggleMenu.bind(this, false); + + // clone route components with keys so that they can + // have transitions + const clonedChildren = children && React.cloneElement(children, { + key: location.pathname, + }); + + return ( + <div id="container" className={menuOpen ? 'menu-open' : ''}> + <section id="menu"> + <UserMenu user={user} logout={this.logout}/> + <ListList lists={lists}/> + </section> + {showConnectionIssue && !connected + ? <ConnectionNotification/> + : null} + <div className="content-overlay" onClick={closeMenu}></div> + <div id="content-container"> + <ReactCSSTransitionGroup + transitionName="fade" + transitionEnterTimeout={200} + transitionLeaveTimeout={200} + > + {loading + ? <Loading key="loading"/> + : clonedChildren} + </ReactCSSTransitionGroup> + </div> + </div> + ); + } +} + +App.propTypes = { + user: React.PropTypes.object, // current meteor user + connected: React.PropTypes.bool, // server connection status + loading: React.PropTypes.bool, // subscription status + menuOpen: React.PropTypes.bool, // is side menu open? + lists: React.PropTypes.array, // all lists visible to the current user + children: React.PropTypes.element, // matched child route component + location: React.PropTypes.object, // current router location + params: React.PropTypes.object, // parameters of the current route +}; + +App.contextTypes = { + router: React.PropTypes.object, +};

web/static/js/pages/NotFoundPage.jsx

+import React from 'react'; +import MobileMenu from '../components/MobileMenu.jsx'; +import Message from '../components/Message.jsx'; + +const NotFoundPage = () => ( + <div className="page not-found"> + <nav> + <MobileMenu/> + </nav> + <div className="content-scrollable"> + <Message title="Page not found"/> + </div> + </div> +); + +export default NotFoundPage;

web/static/js/routes.jsx

+import React from 'react'; +import { Router, Route, browserHistory } from 'react-router'; + +// route components +import AppContainer from './containers/AppContainer.jsx'; +import NotFoundPage from './pages/NotFoundPage.jsx'; + +export const renderRoutes = () => ( + <Router history={browserHistory}> + <Route path="/" component={AppContainer}> + <Route path="*" component={NotFoundPage}/> + </Route> + </Router> +);

web/templates/layout/app.html.eex

<body> - <div id="hello-world"></div> + <div id="app"></div> <script src="<%= static_path(@conn, "/js/app.js") %>"></script>

Final Thoughts

This first installment of “Phoenix Todos” mostly consisted of “coding by the numbers”. Migrating over the styles, static assets, and front-end components of our Meteor application into our Phoenix application is tedious work to say the least.

Expect the excitement levels to ramp up in future posts. We’ll be implementing a Phoenix-style authentication system, replacing Meteor publications with Phoenix Channels, and re-implementing Meteor methods as REST endpoints in our Phoenix application.

This conversion process will open some very interesting avenues of comparison and exploration, which I’m eager to dive into.

Be sure to check back next week for Phoenix Todos - Part 2!